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| Last Updated:: 03/08/2020

National Parks

 

(Photo: Ajay Srivastava, Great Himalayan National Park, Himachal Pradesh)

What is a National Park

 

An area, whether within a sanctuary or not, can be notified by the state government to be constituted as a National Park, by reason of its ecological, faunal, floral, geomorphological, or zoological association or importance, needed to for the purpose of protecting & propagating or developing wildlife therein or its environment. No human activity is permitted inside the national park except for the ones permitted by the Chief Wildlife Warden of the state under the conditions given in CHAPTER IV, WPA 1972.

 

There are 101 existing national parks in India covering an area of 40,564.00 km2, which is 1.23% of the geographical area of the country (National Wildlife Database, December, 2019).

 

 

List of National Parks (As on December, 2019)

 

 

 
 

S. No.
Protected Area
State Name
Area Square K.M.
Year of Establishment
1
Anamudi Shola
Kerala
7.50
2003
2
Anshi
Karnataka
417.34
1987
3
Fossil
Madhya Pradesh
0.27
1981
4
Balphakram
Meghalaya
220.00
1986
5
Bandipur
Karnataka
874.20
1974
6
Bannerghatta
Karnataka
260.51
1974
7
Bansda
Gujarat
23.99
1990
8
Palamau
Jharkhand
226.33
1986
9
Bhitarkanika
Odisha
145.00
1998
10
Bison (Rajbari)
Tripura
31.63
2007
11
Velavadar
Gujarat
34.53
1973
12
Van Vihar
Madhya Pradesh
4.45
1979
13
Buxa NP
West Bengal
117.10
1986
14
Campbell
Andaman & Nicobar Islands
426.23
1992
15
Chandoli
Maharashtra
317.67
1985
16
City Forest
Jammu & Kashmir
9.00
1992
17
Clouded Leopard
Tripura
5.08
2007
18
Corbett
Uttarakhand
520.82
1936
19
Dachigam
Jammu & Kashmir
141.00
1981
20
Desert
Rajasthan
3162.00
1992
21
Dibru-Saikhowa
Assam
340.00
1999
22
Dinosaur Fossils
Madhya Pradesh
0.8974
23
Dudhwa
Uttar Pradesh
490.00
1977
24
Eravikulam
Kerala
97.00
1978
25
Galathea
Andaman & Nicobar Islands
110.00
1992
26
Gangotri
Uttarakhand
2390.02
1989
27
Gir
Gujarat
258.71
1980
28
Gorumara
West Bengal
79.45
1992
29
Govind
Uttarakhand
472.08
1990
30
Great Himalayan
Himachal Pradesh
754.4
1962
31
Gugamal
Maharashtra
361.28
1975
32
Guindy
Tamil Nadu
2.82
1976
33
Gulf of Mannar Marine
Tamil Nadu
6.23
1980
34
Sanjay
Chhattisgarh
1440.71
1981
35
Hemis
Ladakh
3350.00
1981
36
Inderkila
Himachal Pradesh
104.00
2010
37
Annamalai
Tamil Nadu
117.1
1989
38
Indravati
Chhattisgarh
1258.37
1982
39
Intanki
Nagaland
202.02
1993
40
Jaldapara
West Bengal
216.51
1990
41
Kalesar
Haryana
46.82
2003
42
Kangerghati
Chhattisgarh
200.00
1982
43
Kasu Brahmananda Reddy
Telangana
1.43
1994
44
Kaziranga
Assam
858.98
1974
45
Keibul-Lamjao
Manipur
40.00
1975
46
Keoladeo Ghana
Rajasthan
28.73
1981
47
Khangchendzonga
Sikkim
1784.00
1977
48
Khirganga
Himachal Pradesh
710.00
2010
49
Kistwar
Jammu & Kashmir
425
1981
50
Kudremukh
Karnataka
600.32
1987
51
Wandoor
Andaman & Nicobar Islands
281.50
1983
52
Mahaveer Harina Vanastha
Telangana
14.59
1994
53
Manas
Assam
500.00
1990
54
Gulf of Kachchh
Gujarat
162.89
1995
55
Mathikettan Shola
Kerala
12.82
2003
56
Mollem
Goa
107.00
1992
57
Mouling
Arunachal Pradesh
483.00
1986
58
Mount Harriett
Andaman & Nicobar Islands
46.62
1987
59
Mrugavani
Telangana
3.60
1994
60
Mudumalai
Tamil Nadu
103.23
1990
61
Darrah
Rajasthan
200.54
2006
62
Mukurthi
Tamil Nadu
78.46
1990
63
Murlen
Mizoram
100.00
1991
64
Namdapha
Arunachal Pradesh
1807.82
1983
65
Nameri
Assam
200.00
1998
66
Nanda Devi
Uttarakhand
624.6
1982
67
Nawegaon
Maharashtra
133.88
1975
68
Neora Valley
West Bengal
159.89
1992
69
Nokrek
Meghalaya
47.48
1985
70
Orang
Assam
78.81
1998
71
Pench
Madhya Pradesh
292.85
1975
72
Pambadum Shola
Kerala
1.32
2003
73
Papikonda
Andhra Pradesh
1012.86
2008
74
Madhav
Madhya Pradesh
375.22
1977
75
Pench
Maharashtra
257.26
1975
76
Periyar
Kerala
350.00
1982
77
Phawngpui (Blue Mountain)
Mizoram
50.00
1992
78
Pin Valley
Himachal Pradesh
675.00
1958
79
Rajaji
Uttarakhand
820.42
1983
80
Rajiv Gandhi
Andhra Pradesh
2.30
2005
81
Nagarahole
Karnataka
643.39
1974
82
Rani Jhansi
Andaman & Nicobar Islands
320.06
1996
83
Ranthambore
Rajasthan
282.00
1980
84
Bandhavgarh
Madhya Pradesh
448.85
1981
85
Saddle Peak
Andaman & Nicobar Islands
32.54
1987
86
Sanjay
Madhya Pradesh
466.88
1981
87
Sanjay Gandhi
Maharashtra
86.96
1983
88
Sariska
Rajasthan
273.80
1992
89
Panna
Madhya Pradesh
542.67
1975
90
Silent Valley
Kerala
89.52
1984
91
Simbalbara
Himachal Pradesh
27.88
2010
92
Simlipal
Odisha
845.70
1980
93
Singalila
West Bengal
78.6
1992
94
Satpura
Madhya Pradesh
585.17
1981
95
Sri Venkateswara
Andhra Pradesh
353.62
1989
96
Sultanpur
Haryana
1.43
1989
97
Sundarbans
West Bengal
1330.1
1984
98
Tadoba
Maharashtra
116.55
1955
99
Valley Of Flowers
Uttarakhand
87.50
1982
100
Valmiki
Bihar
335.65
1989
101
Kanha
Madhya Pradesh
940.00
1978
 

Source: National Wildlife Database, Wildlife Institute of India